Connect with us

Current Affairs

The Geography of Abia State



Abia State landmark

Abia State emblem

Abia is located in South-Eastern Nigeria with the capital Umuahia. Its major commercial hub is Aba. Abia was created in 1991 which was carved out from Imo State. The name Abia was formed from Abia State densely populated regions which are; Aba, Bende, Isuikwuato, and Afikpo.

Abia State landmark

It is considered as one of the states that make up the Niger-Delta. It is ranked as the 5th most industrialized state in the country and has the 4th highest human development index in Nigeria. Numerous economic activities take place in the state. Also, it has the biggest cattle market in Nigeria

Abia is made up of 17 Local Government Areas. They consist of the following L.G.As
Aba North
Aba South
Isiala Ngwa North
Isiala Ngwa South
Obi Ngwa
Osisioma Ngwa
Ukwa East
Ukwa West
Umuahia North
Umuahia South
Umu Nneochi

Administrative Map of Abia State

The economic activities that take place in Abia State are numerous, they include;
Oil and Gas

Oil and Gas: There are over a hundred oil wells of which there are 3 flow stations that have been installed in the State. The NNPC-Abia gas plant is an associated gas plant. As of 2012, 42 oil wells were returned from Rivers State to Abia. With this development, this makes will make Abia State the 4 largest oil-producing State. There are indigenous oil companies in Abia State, but Shell possesses most of the licenses for about 50 wells in the State, which is considered to have to have high yields.

Abia State oil

Abia State Oil wells put together to produce an estimated 36,000 barrels of crude oil per. However, the state has complained of inadequate funding from its oil revenue federal allocation.


Shoe makers in Aba

The manufacturing sector accounts for 2% of the state’s revenue. The State’s main industrial hub is Aba. Things produced in Abia State are plastics, cement, soap, pharmaceuticals, cosmetics, and most especially footwear.

Plastic factory in Abia


Agriculture in Abia State represents 27% of the gross domestic product of the State. Agriculture in Abia State carries the majority of the workforce which is 70%. Agriculture in Abia is seasonal as it is in other parts of Nigeria. It has adequate rainfall which supports its arable land. Agricultural products produced in the state include; yams, maize, potatoes, rice, cashew, plantain, palm oil, and cassava. Palm oil is a cash crop in Abia which generates a lot of revenue for the state as well as farmers.

Agriculture in Abia State

Farmers working on a rice farm


Abia State is mainly made up of Igbo people. They make up 95% of the indigenous population, while there are other minority tribes like the Ibibio, Anaang, Ibuoro, and Nkari tribes which make up 5% of the indigenous population. The main language ‘IGBO’ is the most spoken language apart from English which is the official language for administration. The people of Abia are mainly Christians of which the majority of them are Catholics while the rest are protestants.

Catholic mass



The land area of Abia State is 6,320KM square, it shares boundaries with states such as Anambra, Enugu, and Ebonyi to the northeast, Cross River to the east, Akwa Ibom to the southeast, River State to the south and Imo to the west. The Southern portion of the State lies within the riverine areas, its vegetation is tropical rainforest, the southern parts experience heavy rainfall 2,400mm annually and it rains more in the month of April down to October. Meanwhile, the rest of the state has moderately high plains and wooded savanna.

The Imo River

The River Imo flows through Abia State and empties into the Atlantic Ocean

The most well-known rivers in the State are the Imo river and the Aba river which empties into the Atlantic Ocean through Akwa Ibom State.


There are top five places to visit in Abia State which are;

National War Museum, Umuahia: It is found in Elite Amafor in Isingwu Community of Umuahia North LGA, there you can find The National War Museum. The Museum was commissioned and opened to the public in 1985 to display artillery, weapons, and other kinds of arms used during the Nigerian civil war. Also in this museum, you can find other relics like weapons used during the pre-colonial times. The National Museum is a place you need to visit if you are interested in Nigerian history.

The Azumi Blue River

Azumini Blue River: The Azumini Blue River is located in the town of Azumini town in Ukwa East LGA. The water of the river shines blue as you observe the surrounding sands and shining stones. You can engage in recreational activities like fishing, yachting, boat rowing, swimming and not forgetting skiing. There are barbeque spots around the beach area. It’s a place to visit during the weekends.

Arochukwu Cave: The famous Arochkwu Cave was used by local chiefs to sell slaves during the Trans-Atlantic slave trade. Most of the slaves during this time were kept and later sold to the Portuguese and the elders in the village at that time also held court to discuss consultative issues within the vicinity of the ancient cave. If you happen to explore you will find the Destiny Gate and also the Gate of no Return.

National Museum of Colonial History: This museum was inaugurated in 1984 and it displays the artifact showing the history of Nigeria through colonial times and some of the relics used during the colonial period.

There are so many notable people from Abia State who have in one way or another contribute to the development and progress of Nigeria, some of them are;

Alvan Ikoku

Alvan Ikoku

Jaja Nwachukwu

Jaja Nwachukwu

Kanu Nwankwo

Kanu Nwankwo

Chinedu Ikedieze

Chinedu Ikedieze

Michael Okpara

Michael Okpara





Abudulrasheed Mubarak is a freelance content creator. He starting his writing career in 2011. He is a graduate of Auchi Polytechnic, Auchi in Urban and Regional Planning.

Continue Reading
Click to comment

Leave a Reply