The holy Quran, which was revealed 14 centuries ago, mentioned fascinating facts only recently discovered or proven by scientists. In this article, we will present you with ten (10) most noteworthy scientific facts discussed in the Holy Quran of the Muslims.
The Big Bang
One hundred years ago, the world’s leading scientists thought that the universe had always been in existence. Since it had always existed, it didn’t need a maker.
Albert Einstein who was the world-famous 20th-century theoretical physicists changed all that.
His ‘field equations’ suggested that the universe was expanding like a balloon. The mathematician and Belgian Priest, George Lemaître, realized that this expansion had to have started from somewhere. It must have come from an initial, dense point. This idea became known as the Big Bang. Today, it is the basis for understanding the origin of the universe.
What few people know however is that the Holy Quran described the Big Bang perfectly, 1400 years earlier.
(Do not the disbelievers see that the heavens and the earth were a closed-up mass (ratqan), then We opened them out? And We made from water every living thing. Will they not then believe)?
Holy Quran, 21:31.
The Arabic word ratqan means a closed-up mass. It also means darkness. A dark, closed-up mass is a perfect description of what we know the universe looked like in its earliest moments. The heavens and the Earth were indeed opened out from this mass to produce the universe we see today.
The verse further says that water is the basis of life. This is now an accepted scientific fact. When NASA look for planets that can bear life, they look for water.
shocking power of this verse is a grand sign for our disbelieving age.
Very Little was known about the human brain in 6-7th-century Saudi Arabia, which is what makes the holy Quran’s verses on brain anatomy so fascinating.
In Quran, 96:15-16, you will find verses reading:
“Let him beware! If he does not stop, We will take him by the naseyah, a lying, sinful, naseyah!”
This passage was revealed at a time when Muslims were being mocked and persecuted by more powerful religious sects. When it was delivered to prophet Muhammad PBUH, it was intended to advise him on how to deal with one particular non-believer (ABU LAHAB) who was making it difficult for Muslims to pray at the Kaaba.
However, it is the surah’s use of the Arabic word “naseyah” that is of primary concern to Islamic scholars today.
In Arabic, “naseyah” essentially translates to “the front of the head”, which makes the above extract curiously pedantic. Why specify an area of the head? Why not just refer to the head as a whole? The answer lies in the Quran’s description of the non-believer’s naseyah as “lying” and “sinful”.
Modern research into the anatomy of the human brain has established the prefrontal area of the cerebrum as the center of motivation, planning, and aggression. In other words, the front of the brain is responsible for our ability to perform evil or sinful acts. It is also responsible for our ability to discern reality from fiction. This means that, if you so choose, your naseyah can indeed be a sinful and lying one.
Origin of life
The intriguing fact that living things consist mostly of water was discovered only after the invention of the microscope. In the deserts of Arabia, the last thing someone would have guessed is that all life came
“We made every living thing from water? will they not believe?”[Quran, 21:30].
The holy Quran’s passages on the stages of prenatal development are masterfully intricate and mind-blowing. Furthermore, when read in Arabic, they feature complex wordplay becoming of a divine humorist.
Discussing the evolution of the embryo, the Quran, 23:12-14 states: “We created man from an extract of clay. Then We made him as a drop in a place of settlement, firmly fixed. Then We made the drop into an alaqah.”
The first thing we must look at to understand the above passage is the use of the word “alaqah”.
In Arabic, “alaqah” is a homograph with three different meanings. It can refer to a leech, a blood clot, or something that has been suspended. All three are relevant when talking about embryonic development.
In the uterus, a fetus obtains nutrients and oxygen from the blood of the mother. In this way, it is not unlike a leech, which survives by sucking blood from other creatures. In the early stages of its development, an embryo’s blood does not circulate. This means large amounts of blood remain stationary, rendering the fetus similar to a blood clot. The translation of “alaqah” as something which has been suspended is particularly interesting. When in the womb, an embryo is “suspended” from the uterine wall by the placenta and umbilical cord.
Much of what we now know about human embryonic development is documented in Professor Emeritus Keith L. Moore’s scientific reference book The Developing Human. Moore is an authority in anatomy and embryology and in 1981 he visited Saudi Arabia to lecture on the topic.
When discussing the Quran’s teachings on prenatal development, Moore declared: “It is clear to me that these statements must have come to prophet Muhammad PBUH from God, because almost all of this knowledge was not discovered until many centuries later.”
A book titled ‘Earth’ by Geophysicist Frank Press (Earth (ISBN 0716717433) by Press, Frank, Siever,
Raymond. W.H. Freeman, c1986.) explains that mountains are like stakes, and are buried deep under the surface of the earth.
Mount Everest, the height of which is approximately 9 km above ground, has a
root deeper than 125 km.
“Did we not make the earth a resting place? and the mountains as stakes?”[Quran, 78:6-7
Expanding the universe
The fact that the universe is expanding was discovered in the last century. The physicist Stephen Hawking in his book ‘A Brief History of Time’ writes, “The discovery that the universe is expanding was one of the great intellectual revolutions of the 20th century.”
“And it is We who have built the universe with [Our creative] power and keep expanding it.”[ Quran, 51:47].
Next, we come to Extraterrestrial life. In 1960, Frank Drake performed the first modern SETI experiment, in the Search for Extra-Terrestrial Intelligence. Yet God’s pronouncements outpaced man’s imagination by more than a millennium.
“And among His Signs is the creation of the heavens and the earth, and of whatever living creatures (dābbah) He has spread forth in both. And He has the power to gather them together (jam-‘i-him) when He will so please.” Holy Qur’an 42:30
In this verse, the Holy Quran speaks of living creatures that inhabit space — the ‘heavens’ — and which move on land, this being the meaning of the word ‘dābbah.’
The verse goes on to declare that mankind will one day come into contact with these creatures in some way (jam-’i-him). In other verses, the Holy Quran proclaims that they receive revelation as we do.
These declarations of the holy Quran constitute evidence for its divine origin, for which man of that age could not only envisage the existence of aliens on faraway planets but proclaim future contact with them?
One hopes the day will come soon when this extraordinary prophecy finds its fulfillment.
Seas and Oceans:
Modern Science has discovered that in the places where two different seas meet, there is a barrier
between them. This barrier divides the two seas so that each sea has its own temperature, salinity, and density (1) [Principles of Oceanography, Davis, pp. 92-93.
He has set free the two seas meeting together. There is a barrier between them. They do not transgress. (Quran, 55:19-20).
Mountains & Earthquakes
For many decades, atheists have claimed that the Quran makes a clear scientific mistake when it discusses mountains and earthquakes: He has placed mountains (rawāsiya) that it may not quake with you.”
Holy Quran 31:11
Critics alleged that the production of mountains occur at areas where earthquake activity is increased. Therefore, they argued, the verse is wrong.
But new scientific evidence about subduction has transformed our understanding of mountains and earthquakes. Subduction occurs when oceanic crust goes under continental crust, before being recycled in the Earth’s mantle.
If the oceanic crust was entirely smooth, the two plates would get stuck against each other, build tension, then suddenly slip. This slip would produce massive ‘megathrust’ earthquakes.
Remarkably, the oceanic crust is not smooth. It is made uneven by huge undersea mountains, seamounts. Over the last decade, powerful evidence has shown that seamounts break up the plates at the subduction zone, leading to a slow but steady creep. This greatly reduces the chance of massive ‘megathrust’ earthquakes.
The Holy Quran gives us further proof that these verses refer to seamounts. When discussing mountains reducing earthquake activity, the holy Quran only refers to mountains that are rāwasiya rather than jibāl. The Arabic root r-s-w has the connotation of effecting harmony, and an anchor at the bottom of the sea. These meanings clearly apply to seamounts.
Thus, these stunning verses give an answer to all those who doubt the truth of the Holy Quran.
The sky protects the earth from the lethal rays of the sun. If the sky did not exist then the sun’s radiation would have killed off all life on earth. It also acts like a blanket wrapped around the earth, to protect it from the freezing cold of space. The temperature just above the sky is approximately -270 degrees Celsius. If this temperature was to reach earth then the planet would freeze over instantly. The sky also protects life on earth by warming the surface through heat retention.
“We made the sky a protective ceiling. And yet they are turning away from Our signs!” (Quran 21:32).
The holy Quran is not a book of science but is consistent with science.
Credits: Abdulhameed Gambo