For the vaccination of 164.8 million Nigerians who will not have access to the free vaccinations that the country requires from the international community, the Federal Government will require around N2.44tn.
Coronavirus vaccines available worldwide currently include those found by Pfizer, Johnson & Johnson, Oxford and Novavax.
Note that at a press conference of the Presidential Task Force on COVID-19 in Abuja on Tuesday, the Executive Director of the National Primary Healthcare Development Agency, Faisal Shuaib, said that 100,000 doses of Pfizer/BioNTech vaccine will be obtained by the country at the end of this month.
He also claimed that Nigeria will ensure the free delivery of 42 million vaccine doses, which will be a mixture of all the vaccines currently on the market that are available and accepted.
According to him, just 20 percent of the country’s population, which the National Population Commission recently set at 206 million, will be protected by 42 million doses of vaccines.
Shuaib added that the NPHCDA, the PTF and the Ministry of Health of the Federal Republic have been working on financial criteria for the procurement of further vaccines.
However, he said that the country needed to vaccinate just 70 percent of its population to combat the virus.
However, based on his claim that the 42 million doses of vaccines that Nigeria would obtain free of charge would cover 20% of the population of Nigeria, this means that 41.2 million Nigerians would be vaccinated against COVID-19, leaving 164.8 million others unprotected.
While there are multiple vaccines, www.healthline.com reports that the cost of the Pfizer/BioNTech vaccine is $19.5 per dose ($39 per two doses).
Last month, the Food and Drug Administration Agency of the United States announced that the Pfizer-BioNTech COVID-19 vaccine was given as a two-dose sequence, three weeks apart.
This means the country would need $6.43bn or N2.44tn based on the two-dose requirement for each of the 164.8 million Nigerians.
Transportation expenses and other logistics are not included in the N2.44tn.
In an interview on Wednesday, Oyewale Tomori, a professor of virology, gave the cost of the other vaccines.
According to him, the Moderna vaccine is $10 to $50, $10 for Johnson & Johnson, and $3 to $4 for Oxford.
He advised the Federal Government, however, not to procure vaccines that lacked the facility to be stored by the country.
Tomori said it would be like compounding the issue of the country’s pandemic challenges to procure a vaccine that would be difficult to store in Nigeria.
He said, “There are three or four different types of vaccines at the moment; there is the one from Pfizer that must be stored at -70°C; Moderna vaccine must be stored at -20°C and there are others that can be stored at fridge temperature.”