Despite tremendous progress, Racism continues to be a problem in the United States. While some forms of external Racism, such as openly hostile jokes and statements, are reasonably easy to identify, others can be more difficult to recognize, especially if you’ve grown up thinking of them as “normal.” With this in mind, it’s critical to learn how to spot both individual incidents of Racism and the structural, systemic Racism that makes resolving the issue so challenging.
In the Public
1. Keep an eye out for signs of systemic Racism in your neighborhood: Racism is a major issue that occurs at a structural level in various communities. It isn’t just a few mean comments and attitudes. It’s worth noting that many individuals of color don’t have the same economic and housing opportunities as white individuals and that minorities earn less overall. Remember that certain minority groups, such as Latinos, Native Americans, and African Americans, are mistreated by law enforcement, despite white people committing the same crimes.
Specific rules, for example, make it illegal to use rent assistance vouchers, which is a kind of systematic Racism.
Systemic Racism is also practiced via textbooks that primarily focus on white history.
In economics, you might notice that black Americans’ average household income is almost half that of white Americans. Hispanics’ median household income is also significantly lower than that of whites.
Similarly, higher education is heavily tilted against some racial minorities. Blacks attend college at a lower rate than whites, while blacks drop out of high school at a more significant rate than whites.
2. Pay attention to how people react when a high-profile racial incident: Many people will try to rationalize a racially motivated incident to make the racial minority look like the bad guy. Look for people who are sympathetic to the racist in question, as well as those who refuse to acknowledge or condemn active indications of Racism in society.
Many people take advantage of such occasions to go beyond simply rationalizing racial conditions to declaring that all members of a particular race should suffer the same fate. Racist statements like this are a simple method to spot Racism.
People who are unconcerned about violence or injustice against minorities are frequently ready to point out violence or perceived injustices against members of their race.
Consider the number of persons arrested or the number of times the police stop them. Even though they make up a lower portion of the population, racial minorities are regularly stopped more than white persons.
3. Keep an eye out for discrimination against minorities: If a member of one’s race does or says something innocuous yet deserving of censure, they may dismiss it. If someone of a different race does the same thing, that person may become enraged and critical.
If someone of a different race does the same thing, that person may become enraged and critical. This double standard is frequently caused by Racism.
For example, if a black politician declares, “We don’t need to spend any more money on education,” white media and voters may attack him or her. There may be minor uproar if a white politician says the same thing simply because they are white.
In Everyday Conversation
1. Keep an eye out for folks who claim not to be racist: People who offer reasons about how they can’t be racist, such as having friends who are people of color, should be avoided. It’s important to remember that no one is immune to racist ideas and attitudes, regardless of who they hang out with. Remember that sincere anti-racists will speak out against Racism rather than inventing justifications to defend themselves.
Many white people with black friends, for example, nevertheless assume that black people aren’t as hardworking or law-abiding as white people.
2. Examine the privilege and intersectionality of a person: See how a white person reacts when you tell them about their privilege. Listen for complaints or outright denials of privilege, as well as a refusal to recognize one’s benefits. The individual may feel frightened and react defensively, saying that Racism does not help them.
Being privileged because of your race does not exclude you from facing prejudice in other ways. Intersectionality recognizes that a person can have some advantages simply because they are white. Still, they can also face discrimination based on their gender, class, sexual orientation, impairments, and other factors.
Recognizing white privilege does not imply that a person hasn’t faced challenges or worked hard to achieve their goals.
When it comes to eradicating Racism, denying white privilege or the fact that white people are given certain advantages hinders development and cooperation.
This is a subtle type of Racism if the allegation of white privilege makes someone upset and makes them talk about all the ways they’ve battled.
3. Recognize Racism in so-called “colorblind” people: It’s worth noting that the “colorblind” philosophy asserts that people of all races have equal opportunity and that racial disparities are unnecessary. Unfortunately, this philosophy is false, as many minorities do not have the same opportunities as the majority white population of America.
For example, racist colorblind ideology can be seen in the counter-protest campaign “All Lives Matter.” It opposes the “Black Lives Matter” movement, which aims to address gaps in opportunities for people of color in the US.
By pretending that racial discrimination is a thing of the past, colorblind ideology serves to obscure the struggles of racial minorities. It also gives the impression that race is taboo or taboo in conversation.
4. White people who complain about reverse Racism should be avoided: Be wary of white people who label a minority’s outrage at injustice as “reverse racism,” or “racism against white people.” Racism is based on a societal system of power, privilege, and discrimination that has never affected the white population in the same way. People who believe in reverse Racism and complain about it may not understand what Racism is.
“It’s terrible how this white cop is getting so much hate from the public,” one person said. Racism is being directed at him!”
5. Examine the frequency with which race is mentioned: Racism can be detected in everyday speech when someone frequently says another person’s race when speaking about them. Framing the conversation with racially specific references implies that the person is odd in the speaker’s opinion simply because their race is different. This is a racially charged way of thinking and speaking.
For example, you might hear something along the lines of, “That black fellow, James, was walking around.” This places an unnatural emphasis on James’s race and could be a sign of Racism.
This could also take the form of a surprise at what racial minorities have accomplished, whether implicit or explicit. A backhanded compliment like, “You’re well-read for a Hispanic,” is at the very least ignorant and almost certainly racist.
6. Keep an ear out for racist jokes. Racism is frequently packaged in the form of offensive, racial jokes: Some racists make jokes that belittle, stereotype or disparage persons of a different race, assuming that others of their race will share their racist ideas.
When someone expresses disgust or anger at racist jokes, the offending party frequently insists that the individual who does not find the jokes amusing should “relax” or “learn to take a joke.”
7. Look for symptoms of denial about the achievement of minorities: Pay attention to the various justifications people offer on how or why minorities have different opportunities, such as acceptance into a prestigious school or landing a good job. Racism is characterized by the denial that a racial minority may attain particular goals.
Many people feel that President Obama was admitted to Harvard solely due to affirmative action regulations rather than his inherent brilliance and skill. This viewpoint is racist, whether purposefully or accidentally.
8. Keep an eye out for racist remarks: “I’m not a racist, but…” is a common racist statement. ” she said, followed by a racist remark. People who make these remarks are well aware that they come across as racist because they are racist. Recognize racist speech and qualifying comments for what they are: stupid Racism.
9. Seek out persons that support segregation: Keep in mind that anti-racists think that all people are equally deserving, regardless of skin color, and have no trouble living in a multicultural environment. Racists, on the other hand, think that races should live in separate communities and should not mingle.
Racists may strive to relocate to or establish towns with few or no racial minorities.
Interracial partnerships or marriages may be discouraged or condemned by racists.
10. Be mindful of fervent patriotism or nationalism: The assumption that only particular races can properly feel patriotic or loyal to a Western nation may go hand-in-hand with fanatical patriotism and nationalism. These people believe that its members must share a common racial heritage for a country to be united.
A notable example of a right-wing nationalist state with very racist policies is Nazi Germany.
In your place of work
1. Keep an eye out for racial stereotypes: It’s worth noting that this is doing so exclusively based on race. Remember that stereotypes can have both positive and bad implications; regardless, they’re destructive and present a misleading, generalized picture of particular minorities. Some people automatically generalize and are unaware that their comments and judgments are prejudiced.
Saying that all Asians are brilliant mathematicians is an example of a stereotype.
People who stereotype others frequently use a “us” and “them” pattern in their statements. For example, a coworker or manager might comment, “They’re all too lazy to work here.”
2. Workplace animosity should be avoided: It’s worth noting that this frequently presents itself in the workplace as a hostile tone, behavior, or attitude against employees of a particular race. A manager or a coworker may be aggressive to you because of your race. Physical intimidation or abuse, outright mocking, or unreasonable workloads are all examples of racial animosity.
If a minority coworker is frequently assigned more work than everyone else, racial antagonism may be present.
3. Keep an eye out for snide remarks: A racial minority in the job may be constantly informed that their work is never good enough because of their color. Racists may overreact to minor incidents or respond less harshly to the same circumstance when a member of their race does the same thing.
Unfair criticism may result in negative employee appraisals and a lack of promotion opportunities. Even when their counterparts of a different race are advancing up the ladder, racial minorities in the job may not obtain a raise or be paid the same amount. Look for trends in which people aren’t getting promoted.
4. Recognize the telltale symptoms of discriminatory employment practices: If you discover that your employer employs few racial minorities, the organization may have discriminatory hiring practices or management. This is difficult to see unless you work inside a company and are familiar with the organization’s hiring and interviewing methods. Keep an eye out for persons who, for example, dismiss applications with “odd” or ethnic names before even interviewing the applicants. This is a clear sign of Racism.